A high percentage were asymptomatic
75% of people with mild SPG4 HSP showed spasticity but little weakness in this study of 67 people. Fully 25% were classified as asymptomatic including 16% with minimal neurological signs and 9% showing none at all.
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:
The hereditary spastic paraplegias (HSP) are characterized by progressive spasticity of the lower limbs, mostly inherited as an autosomal dominant trait. Analyses of large HSP pedigrees could help to better characterize the phenotype due to a single causative mutation. Patients in a seven-generation kindred carrying a large deletion in SPAST/SPG4 are described.
Individuals originating from Sardinia were clinically and genetically studied.
Sixty-seven subjects carried a heterozygous deletion encompassing exons 2-17 of SPAST. Fifty patients (53.2 ± 15.4 years) presented a pure form of spastic paraparesis characterized by mild impairment and slow progression. Most patients showed spasticity, increased tendon reflexes in the lower limbs and Babinski sign, whilst weakness was rarely detected and urinary disturbances occasionally reported. Amongst the 17 asymptomatic carriers of the mutation, minimal neurological signs were detected in 11 cases.
A focus on spasticity, increased tendon reflexes and Babinski sign, more than on weakness, could help clinicians to promote early diagnosis in asymptomatic carriers of SPAST deletions.
SOURCE: Eur J Neurol. 2014 Jun;21(6):935-8. doi: 10.1111/ene.12290. Epub 2013 Nov 4. © 2013 The Author(s) European Journal of Neurology © 2013 EAN. PMID: 24824741 [PubMed – in process]
Large deletion mutation of SPAST in a multi-generation family from Sardinia.
1Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Sassari, Sassari, Italy.